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What is the Value of Specialization?

by Alan Daniel

Since production is a complex process, it is necessary to ensure simplicity and efficiency in several ways. Now, for the best outcome, many organizations have realized the value of splitting everything up into categories and dividing it into parts where every individual is assigned a job based on their specialization.

And so, this is called the division of labor. The division of labor present at a large scale in this day and era.

For instance, at a large-scale food factory, a worker creates the recipe, the second checks the ingredients going in them. The third makes them with machines. The fourth supervises the packing and folding while the fifth inspects quality control, and so on. 

Each of these aspects of specialization allows for accountability, and value additions in each part of the process.

 

Types of Division of Labor or Specialization

To date, division of labor has been of four types including:

  • Occupational Labor- In this, Individuals are divided according to their occupation. Each person takes up a job that’s best for them. For instance, some are doctors, merchants, teachers, etc.
  • The complex division of labor- An entire work in production divides into different parts, and each piece is given to an individual. It is called a strict division of labor. 
  • Subprocesses- In subprocesses, the complete process is split into subprocesses, and then the work is completed. 
  • The geographical division of labor-  In the geographical division of labor, a particular area is specialized in a work. 

 

4 Advantages of Division of labor

Let’s discuss the four advantages of division of labor and how it benefits society.

#1. Productivity increases

Since every person has the job they are best at, the most significant advantage of division of labor is productivity increase. With it, the productive ability of the community increases. 

#2. The right man at the right place

Another hallmark of the division of labor is the merit-based system ensures effectiveness. The job is given to a person according to their abilities. And this eliminates room for any error.

#3. Saves time

When a person works under the division of labor, he gets trained on the specific part and not the entire process. It saves a lot of time and energy for both the trainees and the trainers. 

#4. Rise of entrepreneurs

Because the work splits into categories, an organization needs someone to supervise and coordinate the work. This is where a surge in entrepreneurs has occurred. Not only do they specialize in organization, but their contribution has served the economy.

The Information is Out There

The world has a surge of information present on platforms like Youtube, Google, Facebook, TikTok, and other media. Although there is a ton of disorganized, organized, and in between, many different people can use their time to learn new skills and acquire knowledge.

They can use their time to learn new skills and acquire knowledge, take that to an existing position and contribute to an organization. At the same time, the world needs more people focused on creating new jobs by tackling problems.

We see many problems that range from loneliness to water shortages and other critical issues that need to be addressed to preserve a certain quality of life. It will be interesting to see the next batch of entrepreneurs and leaders who coordinate different types of people with valuable skills, create organizations, and bring about necessary solutions.

 

 

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