Proof of Reserves and Proof of Liabilities are two essential components of solvency verification, which evaluates a custodian’s financial health. When these assets involve cryptocurrencies, it’s crucial to demonstrate control over the account keys, ensuring funds remain accessible.
The level of solvency an organisation maintains is highly indicative of its long-term financial health and operational sustainability. The value of assets is shown when liabilities are subtracted from the balance sheet, which may be used to calculate shareholders’ equity. Additional information about a company’s financial health may be gleaned from its solvency ratios.
No book value or financial stability exists for a corporation with negative shareholders’ equity. Small company owners might incur damages as a consequence unless they have limited liability protections. In the event of an instant closure, all assets would need to be liquidated to pay off debts, putting the worth of the company’s stock at zero.
Solvency can be established through two primary methods: traditional and cryptographic.
The conventional approach relies on independent audits of financial records, which may be invasive of privacy since they entail disclosing sensitive information. Zero-Knowledge technology, especially Zero-Knowledge proofs (zk-proofs), is used in the cryptography technique. Certain mathematical models and cryptographic methods are used to verify stuff without actually accessing it.
Zk-proofs originated in the 1980s, enhancing privacy, security, and processing speed in information validation. These proofs validate statements without revealing their content, adhering to three principles: completeness, soundness, and zero-knowledge.
Assets reserved by users and those maintained by DAAs form the two fundamental segments of evidence of liabilities.
Solvency addresses long-term financial obligations, while liquidity concerns short-term commitments. Evaluating liquidity is crucial when the book value is negative. Deducting short-term liabilities from assets provides a quick liquidity assessment.
Proof of Solvency, incorporating Proof of Reserves and Proof of Liabilities, ensures custody providers hold more assets than liabilities through robust validation mechanisms. Solvency is paramount for financial stakeholders and the overall health of a company.