In the last five years, Artificial Intelligence (AI) underwent rapid advancements, enhancing new technologies that were imaginary at a time and could only be seen in Hollywood movies. For instance, long-distance travel issues were solved through the innovation of self-driving cars, whereas smartphones have enhanced long-distance communications. All that was a result of a combination of higher computing performances, continuously evolving algorithms, optimized hardware solutions, and sophisticated neural networks. AI has become popular in most industries because of its ability to replicate human brain capabilities upon constant exposure to premium quality training data. Data fuels AI innovation: Vehicles can function on their own and can make decisions instead of human drivers. Let’s further explore how by going through the following:
- What is AI
- AI in Autonomous Vehicles
- Impact of AI on Autonomous Vehicles
- Challenges of autonomous vehicles in our lives
- Key takeaways
Definition of AI
The term describes the ability of a digital computer or a robot to accomplish a particular task that is commonly connected to intelligent beings. AI deals with massive data and complex tasks that especially replicate the learning ability of humans.
AI in Autonomous Vehicles
Autonomous driving is one of the common applications of AI. Autonomous vehicles, fueled by AI and computer vision, have been on top headlines globally and continue to receive the deserved spotlight. These vehicles are equipped with multiple sensors, cameras, radars, and lidar to understand the surroundings and conduct proper path planning. Companies responsible for the innovation of autonomous vehicles greatly depend on AI, machine learning, and deep learning to enhance the processing of massive amounts of data and to train and authenticate autonomous driving systems. AI advancements significantly impact autonomous vehicles as they help in ensuring road safety, better efficiency, and fewer emissions.
Impacts of AI in Autonomous Vehicles
Mobility systems and current transportation will be transformed soon to a new epoch as AI allows these cars to be self-optimized, and drive independently with refined safety standards. Below are the positive impacts of AI in autonomous vehicles:
Improved vehicle safety
Using cameras and sensors, these cars have safety picks such as emergency brakes and lane control. AI calculates the distance between two moving vehicles, and when an exact collision is predicted, the emergency brakes are involved. Computer vision in autonomous vehicles is also vital as it ensures the model provides near to perfect detection, which helps in accidents reduction. Similarly, AI reads lane markings, and when the car drifts out, the driver is warned instantly. Because of AI, human error is minimized, which is a great advantage.
Better traffic management
Everyone wants a smooth drive without traffic congestion; getting stuck on the road every morning can be very annoying to people going to work. Of course, this can lead to uncertain events due to mind drifts making the driver lose focus on traffic guidelines. However, this traffic congestion can result from a car breakdown, disrupting the whole traffic. AI has been of great help in automated cars as these cars are standardized and programmed to function according to the traffic law; hence good traffic management as rush-ins are controlled.
Independence for disabled people
People living with disabilities used to rely on other people to drive them, but they can count on Artificial Intelligence with these new autonomous cars. To ensure that these cars are safe for use by the public, the tremendous raw data required for machine learning should be accurately labeled and bias-free.
Challenges of autonomous vehicles in our lives
Despite being one of the most anticipated innovations, self-driving vehicles can adversely affect consumers, bringing a shift in the economy. Of course, that is dependent on how we use these cars and whether or not they prevail in the public sector. For example, if we substitute taxis and or buses with self-operating vehicles, people will lose their jobs. In that case, we’ll have to think about how we cut down the labor without eliminating sectors of already established careers. How do we create job opportunities before it’s too late?
Autonomous driving has a brighter future; AI is considered a pivotal catalyst to the innovation of self-driving experiences. Autonomous cars will soon be seen in everyday life for regular consumers. These vehicles have their operations based on AI algorithms and sensor information. They need to ensure that they collect data, plan their route, and execute their trajectory. Through neural networks, systems provide a clear understanding of the driving scenarios. This is of great importance as AI in autonomous vehicles can increasingly reduce accidents because the distance between two moving vehicles is detected, and precise predictions of a collision are made through sensors.